The growing number of people seeking refuge in Europe makes it increasingly difficult to match the labour supply of this target with the actual demand for professionals by European enterprises.

In the absence of more targeted measures, after the first phases of reception, the new refugees risk being marginalized by the social and production community, falling victims to criminal activities.

The MILAR project fosters the learning and testing of a new route towards the employability of refugees, adopting the model of Community Social Enterprise (SCE), at transnational level and in local communities in Italy, Sweden, Germany, and England.

SCEs, innovative but still relatively unexplored experiences, consist of a set of economic and social activities which are defined as ‘hybrid’, i.e. not supported by a single stakeholder/body but rather by multi-stakeholder networks (public and private, profit and noprofit stakeholders), sharing the same collective need, such as for example providing jobs for unemployed people. This results in multisector (agriculture, tourism, environment, etc.) micro-projects which are mutually functional, and of both volunteer and commercial/productive nature.

The partnership aims to experiment ‘bottom-up’ projects integrating social and production-oriented enterprises, with a view to promoting the labour integration of a heterogeneous target, such as the refugee population in Europe.

The project is promoted by training agencies, social organizations, and institutions, all of which are equally involved in the phases of:

  • RESEARCH: collection and analysis of successful community welfare experiences and preparation of a transnational research framework
  • MODELLING: transnational peer-to- peer training pathway for learning and sharing experiences, with a view to developing the Guidelines for a common model of Social Community Enterprise
  • TESTING: in each partner country, testing of Social Community Enterprise projects and of learning pathways for refugees, gathered in a Compendium of experimentations and Toolkits for refugees

The METHODOLOGY used in MILAR, precisely because it is focused on the community model of social community enterprise, promotes the constant participation and sharing among the partners, towards territorial networks and institutional stakeholders.

The multidisciplinary and multi-stakeholder development of new learnings – of trainers, refugees, profit and no-profit stakeholders, and local communities involved in experimentation projects, in a dimension which is always set in operational contexts – is promoted on two levels, transnational and local.